Have you observed a lump or a discoloration on the white part of the eye? Do you have a continual bloodshot look in your eyes? You could have a disorder known as farmer’s eye or surfer’s eye. The two eye conditions, which are related to what you’re experiencing right now, are pterygium and pinguecula. After you learn the causes listed below, you’ll see why they are nicknamed farmer’s or surfer’s eye. 

Pinguecula and Pterygium are linked because they can both emerge from the same source. Even though neither is malignant, one can develop into a serious eye disease that results in visual impairment, while the other can be bothersome at times. 

These conditions are both conjunctival growths on the eye. It’s a thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye. If you detect any of the symptoms listed below, you should go ahead and look for a certified eye doctor and get a walk in eye exam as soon as possible. 

Pinguecula’s Causes 

If the growth is small, there may be no visible evidence. However, because pinguecula development is calcium or fat deposits that have formed, the layer of tears that normally lubricates your eyeball does not equally distribute over this elevated protrusion. This will result in a stinging sensation or a dry eye. You’ll usually have the sensation that something is in your eye. Aside from that, it can cause stinging, itching, and a burning sensation. It may be difficult for you to put your contact lenses on. Additionally, inflammation might make your eyes appear bloodshot. 

Pinguecula doesn’t always require treatment unless it becomes inflamed and causes pingueculas. Artificial tears can be purchased over-the-counter to relieve the discomfort of dry eyes. In the case of pinguecula, you may also be prescribed corticoid eye drops. However, while this will decrease inflammation, it will not eliminate growth. 

Pterygium vs. Pinguecula: What’s the Difference? 

The terms “farmer’s eye” and “surfer’s eye” are often used interchangeably to describe these two conditions since the symptoms and causes are identical. Pinguecula, on the other hand, is generally just a cosmetic issue. On the other hand, if not treated properly, a pterygium can cause serious consequences, including visual impairment. 

A pinguecula can be the start of a pterygium’s growth. However, if it gets large enough to cover the cornea, it will impair eyesight. It can also alter your eye’s refractive power and promote astigmatism. 


If you have mild to moderate pterygia, you can reduce your symptoms by using artificial tear supplements or mild anti-inflammatory drops. If the problem grows very severe, a doctor may prescribe surgical removal of the extra tissue. Even after complete removal, a pterygium can reappear. 

The growth will be removed by surgery for this ailment. The expert will next sew a tissue from a placenta into the space created by the growth. The operation will usually last 30 to 45 minutes. After the procedure, you may need to wear an eye patch to help you heal.